Timashova Ol'ga Vladimirovna, Candidate of philological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of history of Russian literature and folklore, Saratov State University named after N. G. Chernyshevsky (83 Astrakhanskaya street, Saratov, Russia), email@example.com
Background. The article includes an integral internal, comparative and historicalcomparative analysis of one of the least studied comedies by A. F. Pisemsky – “the Division”. The aim of the work is to study the individual poetics of early works by the dramatist: plotting, range of problems, an object of satiric unmasking; as well as a place of “the Division” on the pages of “the Contemporary”.
Materials and methods. The article considers all author’s variant of A. F. Pisemsky’s play “the Division”, as well as I. S. Turgenev’s play “Breakfast at chief’s”, in the context of “the Contemporary” journal’s content of the middle 1850s and editorial correspondence. The article synthesizes the comparative, historical-literary and journal-critical methods.
Results. A complex analysis of “the Contemporary” journal’s content of 1850–1852 showed that the editorial office monitored the works by Pisemsky, believing that his revealing thoughts matched the journal’s program; however, occurrence of “the Division” showed that the protest of Pisemsky originated from a different understanding of human nature. According to the author, she subject of creative competition in Pisemsky’s “the Division” is I. S. Turgenev’s comedy “Breakfast at chief’s, or an amicable share”. This comedy, congenial to “the Contemporary” editorial office, expresses believes of educated westernists on human ignorance as the main reason for “amicable share” impossibility, whereas Pisemsky proves that human nature still features animal instincts.
Conclusions. “The Division” comedy served as an ideological, compositional and plot base for later “social pamphlets” (P. V. Annenkov) of the dramatist, such as “Baal”, “Financial genius”. Pisemsky’s plays appear to be a special line of development of the Russian drama of the middle XIX century, inseparably linked with the main line, however original.
A. F. Pisemsky, “The Division” play, comedy genre in Pisemsky’s works, I. S. Turgenev, “Breakfast at chief’s, or an amicable share”, “the Contemporary” journal, N. A. Nekrasov, theme of inheritance dispute in the Russian drama of XVIII–XIX centuries.
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